Style Guide for NANO: New American Notes Online

PART I: Style

  • Submissions should be sent to NANO as Microsoft Word documents or as RTF documents.
  • Use the 7th edition of Modern Language Association (MLA) style, including in-text parenthetical citations and a list of Works Cited.  
  • NANO does use URLs for web sources. See examples below.
  • Each parenthetical citation should refer to an entry in the list of Works Cited.
  • NANO does not publish endnotes or footnotes.
  • NANO does use hyperlinks, but they must be vetted by the editorial team.
  • Separate sentences by a single space.
  • Text should be free of specialized formatting, including line, page, or section breaks.
  • Text should be double-spaced, 12-point font, and use a standard font, such as Times New Roman.
  • Any unfamiliar, non-English words should be italicized.
  • Avoid using quotation marks for emphasis.
  • Titles of books, movies, and journals should be italicized.
  • Standard American English is preferred.
  • Use gender-neutral language.
  • The author assumes responsibility for securing permission to reproduce media files (images, film, sound, etc.) published by NANO. Please refer to nano’s Fair Use information on the Submissions page.
  • [Please contact NANO if you have any specific questions about style, citations, or format:]


PART II: Selected MLA Works Cited Examples:

Single Author Book:
Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy. New York: New York UP, 2011. Print.

Online Book:
Arnold, Matthew. Culture and Anarchy: An Essay in Social and Political Criticism. London: Smith, Elder, and Co, 1869. Web. Google Books. 25 Sept. 2013.


Translated Book:
Certeau, Michel de. The Practice of Everyday Life. Trans. Steven Rendall. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984. Print.

A Work in an Anthology, Reference, or Collection:
Swanson, Gunnar. “Graphic Design Education as a Liberal Art: Design and Knowledge in the University and The ‘Real World.’” The Education of a Graphic Designer. Ed. Steven Heller. New York: Allworth P, 1998. 13-24. Print.

A Poem:
Whitman, Walt. “I Sing the Body Electric.” Selected Poems. New York: Dover, 1991. 12-19. Print.

Academic Journal:
Hadlaw, Janin. “The London Underground Map: Imagining Modern Time and Space.” Design Issues 19.1 (Winter 2003): 25-35. Print.

Online Academic Journal:
Dolby, Nadine. “Research in Youth Culture and Policy: Current Conditions and Future Directions.” Social Work and Society: The International Online-Only Journal 6.2 (2008): n. pag. Web. 20 May 2009.


Online Magazine:
Howard, Jennifer. “Lead Humanities Journal Debuts Open Peer Review, and Likes It.” The Chronicle of Higher Education. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 26 Jul. 2010. Web. 15 Feb. 2012.


Online News Service:
Howard, Muriel A. “Higher Education and the Public Good.” New York Times. New York Times. 12 Oct. 2004. Web. 16 Sept. 2014.


Personal Blog:
Martin, Lyndsay. “The Great Bear.” Lyndsay2905’s Weblog, 14 Apr. 2008. Web. 12 Nov. 2009.


Scanlan, Sean. “Re: nanostyle.” Message to Rebecca Devers. 28 Sept. 2013. E-mail.

@nanocrit (Sean Scanlan). “Sedaris in June 3 NYorker: Hugh cooking fish: 'he poached what might as well have been a hairbrush.'” 5 June 2013, 11:50 a.m. Tweet.

YouTube Video Clip: "2012 American Birkebeiner-Midway Leaders." Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 26 Feb. 20012. Web. 3 Mar. 2014.


The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benecio del Toro. Polygram, 1995. Film.

Sound Recordings:
Beethoven, Ludwig van. The 9 Symphonies. Perf. NBC Symphony Orchestra. Cond. Arturo Toscanini. RCA, 2003. CD.

Digital Files:
Beethoven, Ludwig van. Moonlight Sonata. Crownstar, 2006. MP3.

An Image (including photography, painting, and sculpture):
Klee, Paul. "Twittering Machine." 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive. Web. 22 May 2006.